System 7: Sciliar - Catinaccio/Schlern - Rosengarten - Latemar
This important core can be separated in two disctinct bodies: the Sciliar/Schlern - Catinaccio/Rosengarten and the Latemar. The first group is located on the edge of the Western Dolomites and, as can be gathered by the name, is composed of two large massifs: the Sciliar/Schlern, in the Provincia Autonoma di Bolzano, and the Catinaccio/Rosengarten, in the Provincia Autonoma di Trento (attachment 2.12). In a more southern position is palce the Latemar. Toward the west and northwest, The Sciliar/Schlern -Catinaccio/Rosengarten area is bordered by the Fiè/Völs-Siusi/Seis terrace and then by the Val d’Isarco/Eisacktal. Toward the southwest, it comprises Mount Balzo/Völsegg Spitze and the Val di Tires/Tires Tal. Toward the northeast, it extends from the steep walls of the Sciliar to the gentle morphology of the Alpe di Siusi/Seiser Alm and then to the Val Gardena/Grödnertal. T oward the southeast, the carbonatic structure is seamlessly conjoined to the Catinaccio group, which ex-tends from the northeast toward the east and southeast over an area that is approximately defined by the Alta Val Duron, Dociuril, Mazzin, Vigo di Fassa, Passo di Costalunga/Karerpass, Prato di Colbleggio/Kölblegwiesen, and the Passo Nigra/Niegerpass e Tires/Tiers The Sciliar group can be subdivided into three main bodies: – the dolomite massif itself, whose principal peak is Mt. Pez/Petz (2,563 m) and it’s subdivided into two sections by the deep Siusi/Seiser Klamm gorge which extends to Siusi and separates Mt. Castello (Burgstall 2,515 m) from Sciliar Davanti/Gabels Mull and from Piccolo Sciliar/Jungschlern (Gabels Mull 2,389 m) and Junger Schlern (2,283 m): – a central section which is dominated by Cranzes Peak (Kranzespetz 2,465 m) and comprises the small Bel Colle chain (Schönbichl 2,262 m), Mt. Cavaccio (Tschafatsch 2,235 m), Mez-zodì Peak (Mittagskofl 2,187 m), Mt. Cavone (Tschafon 1,743 m) and Mt. Balzo (Felsek 1,834 m); – finally, a third part made up of Terra Rossa Peak (Rothe Erde 2,655 m), which extends to include the characteristic pointed spires of the Denti di Terra Rossa (Rosszähne/Popes de Molignon). The northernmost part of the Catinaccio/Rosengarten group is located beyond Passo del Molignon/Molignonpass. Although this group forms an integrated unit with the Sciliar/Schlern group, the two dolomitic groups have always been viewed as two independent entities. Actually, a single glance is enough to appreciate the different characters of the two mountains; even though they are united by a thin juncture of peaks and crests, they have very different geomorphologies. While the Sciliar/Schlern appears as a compact, monolithic colossus of dolomite, the Catinaccio/Rosengarten has a thinner outline in the form of a slender, steep, jagged crest that runs from north to south and separates the valleys of Tires and Ega from the Val di Fassa. At many points along this lengthy chain, the peaks of the group reach an altitude of 3000 meters and often assume the shapes of dizzying obelisks and towers. The main valley in the Catinaccio/Rosengarten group is the Valle del Vajolet, which deeply grooves the group from the Passo del Principe to Rualp in Val di Fassa and collects water from a third of the Catinaccio/Rosengarten. The peaks in the group are famous: Torri di Vaiolet (2,813 m), Catinaccio di Antermoia (3,002 m), Cima Catinaccio/Rosengarte Spitze (2,981 m), Croda di Re Laurino (2,813 m), Croda Davoi (2,745 m), Torre Gardeccia (2,483 m), Cogolo di Larsec (2,679 m), Crepe di Lausa (2,719 m), Scalieret Peak (2,887 m), Cima delle Poppe (2,768 m), the Masarè, and the Molignon (2,820 m). Despite the presence of the Rio di Soial and other streams, the hydrography of the group is uncertain because of its great altitude and special morphological/structural features. In a more south position there is the Latemar Massif, that extends across the Fiemme, Fassa and d’Ega/ Eggental valleys. The Latemar is delimited in the north by the Passo Costalunga/ Karerpass and by the basin of the Lago di Carezza/Karersee, to the east by the Valle di Fassa, to the south by Val Vardabè and the Passo Feudo, to the west by the Passo Pampeago and Vallata di Obereggen. The Gruppo del Latemar is commonly intended to be the area between Rio di Stava and Rio della Pala to the west, Rio di Nova and Rio di Costalunga to the north, and Torrente Avisio to the east and south. This area is then subdivided into three subgroups: the Cresta del Latemar (or Carezza subgroup), the Valsorda subgroup, and finally the southern foothills of Cornon (or Cornon subgroup). The highest peak is Cimon del Latemar/ Diamantiditurm (2,486 m). Other important peaks are Schenon/Latemarspitze (2,791 m), Pope/Popekanzel (2,460 m), Punta Chiesa/Kirchtagweid (2,616 m), Cima del Forcellone (2,750 m), Corno d’Ega/Eggentaler Horn (2,799 m), Cima di Valsorda (2,752 m), Feudo (2,670 m), Spiz dei Muss (2,636 m) and Cima da Ciamp (2,265 m).