State of conservation and factor affecting the property
Present state of conservation
The nominated property is not currently affected by any form of degradation, and an equally clear aggression has not been practiced on it. This can be stated for both the par excellence areas (core zones) and the buffer zones, where forms of ‘active’ management are practiced although with no, or almost no impact. In other words the current state of conservation is excellent, both in terms of the abiotic systems (geological and geomorphological systems, water, air and landscape etc.) and of phytocenosis and zoocenosis, or rather biocenosis, which have a structure and functions almost completely in line with natural forms. However, it is opportune to point out some of the aspects of the ecology of the Dolomite systems, primarily related to the buffer zones, for which the desire to start and sustain an important monitoring action has been expressed. These aspects regard the planned management of some traditional coltural systems of great systemic and landscape value, and some aspects of the area’s dynamics related more to global change than to the presence of humans.
From the geological asset viewpoint the candidate area does not have any such equipment, nor any tracks of particular importance, and this is the reason behind the claim that winter tourism does not make any perceptible impact in the heart of winter or in the shoulder seasons. During summer, although the number of tourists in the Dolomites comes to a number of million per year, the impact on the assets is actually modest, as shown in recent surveys carried out by the Natural Parks Department. The rocks are not affected by other types of aggression. Quarries and mines, that once provided a very important source of income for the local populations, have not been active for many years. The collection of minerals, crystals, and fossils that was covered by very important scientific/museum documentation in the last century, has for some time been prohibited or at least limited in terms of specific laws to study and research purposes. With references to rock falls that have recently occurred from some Dolomite peaks (5 Torri, Mt Cir, Cima Una/Einser, ecc.), it can be stated that these are quite normal event of the genetic evolution of these as well as others mountains of the Alpine chain.